History

OUR HISTORY AND PRESENT DAYS

With a view to provide scientific approach to the problems emerged in agro-industrial areas and develop long-term protective measures to be applied on contaminated territories on June 3rd, 1986 the Belarusian branch of All-Union Research Agricultural Radiology Institute was founded in Gomel. The new institution became responsible for carrying out integrated studies to elaborate scientifically grounded recommendations to be applied in the affected agriculture of Byelorussian SSR and adjacent areas of Russian Federative SSR.
In 1992, the Belarusian branch of All-Union Research Institute was reorganized into an independent scientific institution "Belarusian Research Institute of Agricultural Radiology" under Agrarian Sciences Academy of Belarus.
In 1995, the Institute was renamed into "Research Institute of Radiology" subordinate to the Belarusian Ministry for Emergency Situations.
In fulfillment of the President Decree № 442 of September 11th, 1998, on "Reorganization of the Belarusian Ministry for Emergency Situations" and the Committee Order № 17 of 18th October 1999, the Institute was renamed as to the Republican Research Unitary Enterprise «Institute of Radiology» (best known as Research Institute of Radiology, or RIR) subordinate to the Committee on the Problems of the Chernobyl NPP Catastrophe Consequences.
In accordance with the President Decree № 756 of December 29th, 2006, on "Certain Issues of Ministry for Emergency Situations" the Committee was reorganized into the Department on Elimination of the Chernobyl Accident Consequences.
Today, the RIR activity is being authorized and supervised by the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus.
Most of RIR research projects and scientific developments had served as a basis for developing recommendations on farm management in contaminated areas of the Republic of Belarus.
Further research made it possible to specify and improve the methods for reducing radionuclide transfer from soil to plants on arable lands and pastures, elaborate the ways of land re-cultivation in resettlement area, develop a number of cattle finishing fattening technologies and radionuclide-controlled rations for cattle, test ferrocene-based cesium binders, and approve official guidelines on the use of boluses, salt lick briquettes and mixed fodders in livestock farming. The technologies for compound ferrocene feed production developed by RIR are widely applied on the affected territories of Belarus.
Practical application of the Institute’s scientific approaches has made an important contribution to rehabilitation and re-vegetation of Belarusian lands affected by radioactive contamination.
Innovative methods developed by the researchers of the Institute have found their place as a basis for "Recommendations for farm management on the territories under radioactive contamination conditions" and "Recommendations for agro-industrial production under radioactive contamination conditions of Belarusian lands" for the period from 1988 to 2012.
The Institute has developed the all-aspects integrated plans of rehabilitation measures in the most damaged Belarusian areas, i.e. Bragin, Vetka, Narovlya, Khoiniki districts of Gomel Region, Klimovichi, Kostyukovichi, Byhov, Cherikov, Slavgorod districts of Mogilyov Region, and Stolin district of Brest Region. The rehabilitation plans mostly include scientific ideas and groundings for suggested countermeasures, their priorities and financial resources on their practical application.
Another important achievement of the RIR research work of many years is the elaboration of the Affected Population and Land Rehabilitation Concept, which representes scientific substantiation for rehabilitative measures aimed to improve public health and amend contaminated land conditions, determines priority of countermeasures based on effective use of financial resources for their application.
The RIR specialists in cooperation with the leading institutions of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences have developed a number of specific agricultural production models designed to solve the sector problems on the affected territories and based on the methods of landscape modeling, i.e. "Rainbow" (crop production improvement model); "Agro TF" (model for long-term forecast of radionuclide uptake by agricultural products, predictive estimate of 137Cs concentration levels in wild berries); "ReSCA" (Remediation Strategies for the affected territories after the Chernobyl Accident); "Radforview" (predictive estimates of 137Cs specific activities and risks of exceeding RPL-2001 in peeled and unpeeled wood of major tree species). "Forecast of radionuclide contamination" (µRAINBOW) software.
Furthermore, methodological guidelines have been developed for integrated radiological assessment of transformation of radionuclide fluxes depending on different agricultural specializations. Academic support is provided to agricultural enterprises during the complicated re-make process (so called re-specialization process) on altering the dominant production specialization which appeared to be no more efficient on the lands with radioactive contamination.
Within the frames of the Program on joint activities for overcoming the Chernobyl disaster consequences, Belarusian and Russian researchers developed a "Unified instruction for agricultural production on contaminated territories of Belarus and Russia" and other regulatory and procedural documents and guidelines for efficient agroindustrial management.

Amongst other important RIR projects to emphasize is a series of "Recommendations for agro-industrial production on radionuclide-contaminated territories of the Republic of Belarus" worked out in collaboration with the Belarusian Research Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry. Observance of these instructions guarantees correspondence of radionuclide concentrations in agricultural products to the national permissible limits. бесплатно шаблоны dle 10 на сайте newtemplates.ru и скачать фильмы у нас на сайте есть скачать игры бесплатно бесплатно